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Maine Health Insurance Marketplace

With most of the Affordable Care Act’s major provisions now in effect, the nation’s health insurance marketplace has undergone a significant transformation. Obamacare impacts individuals, families and small business owners alike. Most Americans are required to have minimum essential coverage unless they qualify for an exemption; however, the law is designed to make health insurance more accessible and affordable with income-based financial assistance and one-stop shopping via state-based and federally facilitated exchanges. Meanwhile, the private marketplace remains a place to shop for quality, affordable health insurance plans that meet ACA requirements.

The following guide offers a glimpse at the various types of ACA-compliant health insurance in Maine, including individual and family health plans, small group health plans, coverage for high-risk applicants, mini-COBRA continuation coverage, Medicaid, and CHIP.

Health and healthcare in Maine

Maine ranked 20th in United Health Foundation’s 2014 America’s Health Rankings. 1 Its strengths included a low violent crime rate, low percentage of uninsured population and low prevalence of low birthweight. Maine’s challenges included a high prevalence of binge drinking, high rate of cancer deaths and limited availability of dentists.

Maine individual and family health insurance

When the Obamacare health insurance exchanges opened for 2014 enrollment, Maine elected to become part of the federally facilitated marketplace, Residents of Maine can use the federally facilitated health insurance exchange to find and purchase qualified health insurance plans.

Maine residents can also buy qualified health insurance plans in the private marketplace through websites such as To find out if you qualify for an Obamacare tax credit, use’s tax subsidy calculator. If you are eligible for financial assistance, visit Maine’s health insurance exchange to shop and enroll in health insurance coverage.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that 44,258 individuals in Maine selected a marketplace plan through the exchange from Oct. 1, 2013, through April 19, 2014.2 In 2015, the number of individuals in Maine enrolled in a marketplace plan increased to 74,805 during the open enrollment period.3

Maine’s health insurance exchange:
Maine department of insurance:

Maine small group health insurance plans

Small businesses with 50 or fewer employees may purchase small group health insurance plans through the federally facilitated Small Business Health Options Program marketplace, at and in the private marketplace. Small businesses that use SHOP and have 25 or fewer employees may qualify for a Small Business Healthcare Tax Credit.

Maine’s small business owners may also find small group health insurance in the private marketplace through websites such as such as Self-employed individuals with no employees must apply for an individual health insurance plan on or away from Maine’s health insurance exchange.

Maine state COBRA variations for small groups

The Consolidated Omnibus Reconciliation Act (COBRA) allows those employed by businesses with 20 or more employees to continue their group health insurance plan for a limited time should they lose coverage due to qualifying events such as termination of employment due to reasons other than gross misconduct, a reduction in work hours, divorce or legal separation, and loss of dependency status. To learn more about the federal COBRA program, visit

In some states, those who work for a small business and lose health insurance coverage due to a qualifying event may be eligible for health insurance continuation through mini-COBRA or a similar state continuation program. In a few states, these programs may also be extended to those who work for larger companies and exhaust their federal COBRA continuation coverage limit. Mini-COBRA generally works like the federal COBRA continuation coverage, but its terms may vary.

Maine’s small group COBRA continuation variations are as follows4:

Mini-COBRA option Yes
Eligible group sizes Fewer than 20
Maximum continuation period – standard 1 year
Maximum premium Increase Up to 102 percent of the full group rate
State legislation reference Statute 24-A, Chapter 36 of the Main Continuity of Health Insurance Coverage
More information 800-300-5000 – ask for the Consumer Health Care Division
Additional notes
  • Insurers are permitted to require up to six months of employment prior to the layoff and to require the employee to elect coverage within 31 days of the layoff.
  • Continuation rights are only available if you are temporarily laid off or lost employment because of an injury or disease that would be covered under workers’ compensation.
  • In Maine, domestic partners who are covered as a dependent under a small group health plan are entitled to mini-COBRA continuation coverage in the same manner as any other dependent.

Maine high-risk pools

It used to be that health insurance companies could deny applicants or charge them more based on health history and preexisting conditions. When the Affordable Care Act was passed in 2010, many states created federally funded preexisting condition insurance programs or accepted federal funding to assist with similar high-risk pool programs they already operated.5

The Affordable Care Act prohibits this practice for health insurance plans considered minimum essential coverage with effective dates beginning Jan. 1, 2014, and later. As such, the PCIPs and state high-risk pools created to provide health insurance for those once considered uninsurable are being phased out.

Maine Medicaid

Medicaid is a state health insurance program for low-income individuals under age 65, pregnant women, children, disabled individuals, and seniors over age 65; it is partially funded by the federal government. In 2014, states were given the option to accept additional federal funding and expand their Medicaid program eligibility to those who make up to 133 percent of the federal poverty level (effectively 138 percent due to how it is calculated, according to

Maine did not expand its Medicaid program in 2014.7 A resulting coverage gap exists for those whose incomes are too high for Medicaid but too low to receive federal premium and cost-sharing assistance when shopping

Maine is said to be among the first states to provide subsidized health insurance coverage to its low-income residents; however, it was the only state in New England to decline federal funds to expand Medicaid.

The information below is specific to Maine’s Medicaid program, which is called MaineCare:

Medicaid expansion No
Governing agency Centers for Medicare & Medicaid
Administrator Maine Department of Health and Human Services
Where to apply online /
Phone number 207-287-2674
More information
Open-enrollment period Year-round in all states
Eligibility Maine resident, U.S. citizen; apply to determine eligibility

Maine CHIP

The Children’s Health Insurance Program is a partnership between the states and federal government. CHIP provides health insurance to uninsured children who meet certain eligibility guidelines.

The information below is specific to Maine’s health insurance program for low-income children:

Program name CubCare
Where to apply To obtain an application and learn more about application options, click on the link below an Application.htm
Additional application options
Phone number 877-KIDS-NOW (877-543-7669)
Eligibility8 Children and teens age 18 and under, and pregnant women who meet gross monthly family income requirements; parents living with their children and teens age 18 and under with who meet monthly family income requirements and have assets of $2,000 or less—visit to view the income eligibility chart and learn more

1 United Health Foundation. 2014 America’s Health Rankings Annual Edition. “Annual State Health Rankings.”

2 Kaiser Family Foundation

3 Kaiser Family Foundation

4 State of Maine Department of Professional & Financial Regulation. Bureau of Insurance. “COBRA & Mini -COBRA.” Last updated Aug. 22, 2012. Retrieved from

5 National Conference of State Legislators. Coverage of Uninsurable Pre-Existing Conditions: State and Federal High-Risk Pools. Updated April 2014. Retrieved from

6 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. “Medicaid Expansion & What It Means for You.” N.D. Retrieved from

7 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. “Maine.” N.D. Retrieved from

8 Maine Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Family Independence. “MaineCare: Free or Low-Cost Health Insurance for Families with Children and Pregnant Women.” N.D. Retrieved from