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Yearly out-of-pocket healthcare costs have more than doubled in the last ten years; luckily, there are things consumers can do to lower their healthcare spending.
If you struggle to pay your medical bills, you’re not alone. In our current political climate, it seems like everyone is stressing about the cost of their healthcare–and for good reason. According to a report by the Kaiser Family Foundation, annual out-of-pocket costs for Americans in the workforce have increased by nearly 230 percent in the past decade.
The high cost of healthcare in the U.S. is probably the only aspect of healthcare policy which both parties agree upon. For consumers, dealing with out-of-pocket costs is the most challenging and stressful aspect of managing care. Yet, even if we all agree that healthcare is too expensive, most policy reforms being proposed right now are designed to redistribute, rather than reduce, the burden of these costs.
The disconnect between political and consumer priorities is unfortunate, as skyrocketing out-of-pocket costs don’t only affect Americans’ wallets. When faced with higher out-of-pocket costs, Americans are wont to use fewer healthcare services, according to an Alegeus Healthcare research report. In other words, the prohibitive cost of healthcare is causing more Americans to elude clinics and doctors’ offices. That our healthcare system is underutilized negatively impacts overall health and mortality outcomes in this country.
What We Talk About When We Talk About Out-Of-Pocket Costs
Before we go into how to reduce your out-of-pocket healthcare costs, what exactly does it mean to pay “out-of-pocket”? Within the context of healthcare, out-of-pocket costs refer to medical expenses which you pay for yourself, as opposed to your insurance footing the bill. Generally, out-of-pocket costs include copays, deductibles, and coinsurance for covered services, as well as expenses for services that aren’t covered by insurance companies.
Strategies to Reduce Your Out-of-Pocket Healthcare Costs
Whether you’re being hit with a surprise medical bill or are looking for novel ways to save money, we’ve outlined eight steps you can take to reduce your out-of-pocket healthcare costs and avoid billing overcharges. (Of course, you should never compromise your health for the sake of padding your wallet).
1. Research prices on health insurance plans and specific procedures.
Even with ACA subsidies to make coverage more affordable, many Americans who buy health insurance through the exchanges spend more than 10 percent of their income on premiums, deductibles and other out-of-pocket payments, according to an affordability report by the Urban Institute. But “shopping around” for healthcare isn’t as easy as finding the best deal on a pair of Nike sneakers. The lack of price transparency in healthcare has been cited as the primary reason why Americans spend too much on it. If you don’t know how much something costs, it’s easy to overpay.
Still, many insurers have improved their price comparison tools in the last few years, using GPS technology to help consumers estimate the cost of care from in-network providers nearby. Aside from our own plan comparison platform, there are other tools, like Aetna’s Member Payment Estimator that calculates how much a procedure will cost at a range of local healthcare facilities. Likewise, startups like Amino and GoodRx also offer price estimate tools for consumers to use. When it comes to larger medical expenses, such as surgery or MRI imaging, it’s especially important to know the amount you’ll owe beforehand. If you’re having trouble finding the information you need, try calling local clinics or hospitals; ask to speak with the billing department. Then, inquire about pricing for the procedure you’re curious about.
Inquiring about the cost of healthcare may sound like an obvious piece of advice, but most consumers don’t do it. Critics of these tools are quick to point out that even if these online price comparison tools create more informed consumers, they don’t mitigate the high cost of care, as Helaine Olen writes in Slate. “The medical system in the United States is a complex beast,” says Olen. “The recipients of the services, even if they are the best shoppers around, have little actual control over the overall costs.” Even so, as consumers, we rarely make purchases without knowing how much something will cost. Why should paying for medical care be any different?
That said, you should never sacrifice quality to save a few bucks. Good health is priceless; paying more for a procedure is usually worth it if you’ll be receiving care from a reputable doctor at a good facility.
2. It pays to speak up. Discuss financial concerns with your doctor.
NextAvenue.org offers a valuable lesson regarding healthcare costs: there are times when consumers can reduce their medical bills simply by asking. Many are unaware that it is possible to negotiate a lower price for healthcare services, particularly if there are other providers in your area who can provide the treatment you need. If you aren’t sure whether you’ll be able to afford the cost of treatment, ask your doctor how much you will be charged and whether there’s any room for accommodation.
“Many providers will negotiate on price—but generally not if people don’t ask.”
As healthcare affordability expert Mark Rukavina explains, “Many providers will negotiate on price—but generally not if people don’t ask.” Rukavina says many doctors are hesitant to talk about money because they don’t want to be judged for putting a price on patients’ well-being. Additionally, many hospitals will offer discounts to patients who pay their bill in cash, or in one lump sum. Contact your doctor or hospital’s billing office to learn if this option is available to you.
3. If your claim is denied, or if you receive a bill in error, be persistent and don’t back down until the issue is resolved.
Get in the habit of requesting an itemized bill following any hospital stay or major procedure — and question unexpected charges. Ask for clarification if there’s anything you don’t understand.
If your medical bill contains errors:
- Call your healthcare provider and your insurance company.
- Be polite–but persistent.
- Remember to document your phone calls and always note the name of the person with whom you spoke, the date, and the time.
- Be sure to follow up until your issue is resolved–even if it takes several months.
Although it can be frustrating to cycle through the process of calling, waiting, and being put on hold, it’s always best to keep your composure.
Insurance determinations are not always final, and plan holders can appeal a denial. Need some guidance navigating claim denials? The Wall Street Journal article “How to Appeal a Health Insurance Denial” offers practical advice and resources.
4. Save the emergency room for emergencies.
For life-threatening conditions and injuries, you should always head to the emergency room (ER). But if you’ve got a cold or a broken finger (and it’s not the middle of the night), visiting an urgent care center or scheduling a same-day doctor’s appointment will cost less than relying on the ER.
Even if you have health insurance, copays for emergency room care can exceed several hundred dollars. Urgent care clinics typically charge less than ERs do and many of these clinics take health insurance. Find out ahead of time which nearby urgent care and convenience care clinics are included in your insurer’s network. And if it’s truly an emergency, consider whether you really need an ambulance before calling 911.
5. Explore cost assistance or prescription drug discount programs.
Even if you have prescription drug coverage through your employer, Medicare, or Medicaid, the cost of medications can add up quickly — especially if you take multiple medications. Whenever possible, request the generic version of a prescription drug, as the difference in price between a generic drug and a branded drug is significant. On average, a generic drug will cost 80 to 85 percent less than its branded equivalent, according to data collected by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
6. Choose doctors and providers who are in-network.
Receiving care from an out-of-network provider is the most expensive mistake which healthcare consumers unwittingly make. The cost differences can be enormous.
If you have health insurance, your insurance company has negotiated special rates with a network of healthcare providers. When you receive care from providers within that network, you’ll pay less for care– usually there’s a small copay. But when you receive care from an “out-of-network” provider, you’ll normally pay more. (Some PPO plans offer partial out-of-network coverage; HMOs don’t). Unsure whether a healthcare provider is inside or outside the network? Ask your insurance company. Read more here if you need help navigating your health insurance provider network.
7. Utilize telemedicine startups.
Thanks to digital technology, it’s now possible to “see” a doctor, or receive an affordable medical consultation at the drop of a hat, no matter where you are. As high-deductible plans become more common, more consumers are taking advantage of telemedicine to save money on healthcare costs; NASA uses these apps for astronauts who have medical concerns during space travel.
A number of platforms, including Pager and DoctorOnDemand, allow users to receive medical consultation through videoconferencing. Other startups, such as PillPack and Capsule function as virtual pharmacies and also help consumers consolidate and/or limit prescription drug copays. Another cohort of apps have emerged, too, to make birth control more affordable and accessible. And, although this digital capability is certainly impressive in and of itself, the real beauty of these apps is that, collectively, they’re creating a more competitive marketplace for health and wellness services.
8. Use a flexible spending account or health savings account.
If your employer offers a Flexible Savings Account (FSA) or Health Savings Account (HSA), consider using it to pay for your healthcare. Both HSAs and FSAs allow people who are insured to set aside pre-taxed dollars to pay for healthcare costs which fall under “qualified expenses,” including deductibles, copayments and coinsurance, and monthly prescription drug costs.
Users who elect to use these accounts typically receive a debit card which they use to pay for qualifying expenses throughout the year. Typically, earnings on your savings in these accounts also accumulate tax-free, and withdrawals for qualified healthcare expenses aren’t taxed.